Wet Weather Brings Increased Chances for Field Crops Disease

— Written By and last updated by Patricia Burch
en Español

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.

English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲

Current wet weather conditions, brings increased chances for disease to develop and thrive in row crops. This season we have had ample amounts of rainfall, heavy at times. We have also encountered periods of drought and this has occurred since spring. In one way or another some crop or crops can be affected in a negative manner. I have a corn variety trial that was planted in a timely manner, however from the time it was planted early April, up to now it has received over 23 inches of rain with some of the crop being under water for periods of time. Harvest is underway, so we will have to wait and see how it all pencils out.

Since we are approaching pod development in soybeans, this crop has struggled as well. All this wet humid weather is like an alarm clock for disease. Some diseases that are showing up thrive in these conditions.

A non-typical disease that has been showing up this season is Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS). It’s a type of Fusarium that is influenced by wet weather conditions. With this disease, plants will exhibit interveinal chlorosis and necrosis. The vascular tissue will have a light brown appearance when you split the stem. Unfortunately, the plants will not benefit from a foliar fungicide application. Improving soil drainage and reducing soil compaction where feasible can help.

Frogeye Leaf Spot is a foliar disease that has been seen around the county this season. With this foliar disease, circular or angular lesions develop on the leaf surface. Typically, the lesions will be gray in color with reddish to purplish borders. The first step in prevention would be to utilize resistance varieties, certified disease-free high-quality seed. Of course, crop rotation is also an important part in reducing residue buildup that can harbor the disease. During unfavorable weather conditions, just as we have recently been experiencing, may influence the use of foliar fungicides at growth stages R2 and R5 to protect the plant’s canopy.

For more information about soybean production and issues, please see the North Carolina Soybean Production Guide.